How to take care of disabled palate
1. Before formal feeding, you need to consider whether the amount of food fed is sufficient, whether the choice of ingredients is reasonable, whether the timing of eating is accurate, and how appetite the subject is.
2, the body of the elderly even young people have 20% less water, so the elderly's water supply is very important. Fever, diarrhea can cause water loss in the body, which can be compensated by feeding soup, milk, juice, tea, water, etc. When you are making up for the amount of water, you need to consider the balance, too much at one time.
3.Elderly people have poor swallowing functions, fast crossing too fast, food that is too large, too hard, and not easy to chew and swallow, fish and bone spurs stuck throat; chatter and laughter caused choke; peanut rice, rice dumpling, Rice cakes, dumplings, and other reasons are very likely to cause infarction in the elderly. When eating, it's time to remind Bai Zhi's upper body to lean forward slightly.
4. Cut the food into pieces, but do not cut into pieces. Feed less at a time, and then feed after swallowing, so as to alternate between dry and thin, and feed according to the other person's breathing rhythm, otherwise they will choke. When swallowing your muscles, feed from the healthy side. When lying down, solid foods and semi-liquid foods are not easy to hold, and it is easy to hold them when drinking soup. It is necessary to remind Bai Zhi not to be anxious. It is best to drink soup with a straw or a cup with a straw. Mouthwash should be taken after meals to prevent food from staying in your mouth and to avoid infarcts while sleeping.
To prevent bedsores, turn over every 2 hours, day and night, to avoid skin pressure. In addition, dry skin, scrub with alcohol and massage the pressured area with talcum powder. It is necessary to avoid pollution and humidity caused by urine and stool, and change the pollution in time.
Wash the patient's feet and bath regularly, keeping the skin dry and clean. The dryness, cleanliness, and general blood circulation of the bone process are two ways to prevent the occurrence of bedsores.
1.The way of cleaning teeth: let the white pupa lie on its side, use the tongue depressor to quietly open the cheeks, use the tweezers to grab the mouthwash cotton ball, wipe the sides of the teeth from the inside to the outside, and bite the teeth Wash the face, tongue, oral mucosa, hard palate, etc., help the white palate to gargle, and dry the face. If there are ulcers in the oral mucosa, tin powder or Qingdai powder can be dispensed. If there are dentures, they should be removed and washed with cold water.
2. Help the white phlegm to expel phlegm: the sticky phlegm can not cough up, it can show bruising and hard breathing, and even affect life. The functions of various organs of disabled white pupa are gradually degrading, coupled with weak constitution, weak cough and thin sputum. It can easily cause problems such as sticky sputum congestion and respiratory infections. Therefore, the daily diet of disabled white crickets seems to be very important. Drink plenty of water appropriately. The diet should be light, avoid cold, and prevent colds.
3.2, sputum suction device: suitable for sputum accumulation, use a thick sterile urinary catheter connected to a 100 ml syringe, insert one end of the urinary catheter into the deep part of the patient's mouth, and aspirate sputum; Bowl of water, flush the catheter at any time to prevent clogging of sputum.
3.3 When the patient suddenly clogged with sticky sputum and affected the breathing, it must be counted every second. Immediately cover the index finger with a handkerchief or gauze, reach the patient's pharynx, and take out the sputum;
3.4. Pour boiling water into a tea cup or a tea bowl with Chinese medicine such as chrysanthemum, green fruit, fat sea, etc., and suck hot steam into the cup for 15-30 minutes each time, 2-4 times a day, which can dampen the throat. Thinning sputum is beneficial for expectoration.
Disability Baiji generally has different degrees of discomfort and infection, such as physical pain, sadness, nausea, dizziness, abdominal contraction, etc., or psychological anxiety. The most serious discomfort among them is pain and sadness. At this time, Bai Yuan hoped to get the care and care of medical staff to relieve the pain. It is necessary to treat Bai Yan as his own relatives, to get them to communicate and talk more, and to use emotional conditioning, transformation, soothing incentives, etc., to make it inexhaustible and stubbornly fight against disease.
Psychological nursing should be connected with ineffective psychological nursing, so that the positive effects of mind and body can promote each other. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the inspection, timely discover the uncomfortable causes of Baiji, adopt ineffective methods, provide the premise of physical and mental comfort, and meet the comfort needs of Baiji.
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